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The Italian version of the Depressive Experiences Questionnaire: psychometric properties and validation in students, community, and clinical groups

Giorgio Falgares, Sandro De Santis, Salvatore Gullo, Danilo Carrozzino, Daniela Marchetti, Maria Cristina Verrocchio, Gianluca Lo Coco, Daniel Kopala-Sibley, Osmano Oasi
  • Giorgio Falgares
    Department of Psychological, Pedagogical and Educational Sciences, University of Palermo, Italy | giorgio.falgares@unipa.it
  • Sandro De Santis
    Local Health Unit, Trento Province,
  • Salvatore Gullo
    Faculty of Psychology, University N. Cusano of Rome, Italy
  • Danilo Carrozzino
    Department of Psychological, Health and Territorial Sciences, University G. d’Annunzio of Chieti-Pescara, Italy
  • Daniela Marchetti
    Department of Psychological, Health and Territorial Sciences, University G. d’Annunzio of Chieti-Pescara, Italy
  • Maria Cristina Verrocchio
    Department of Psychological, Health and Territorial Sciences, University G. d’Annunzio of Chieti-Pescara, Italy
  • Gianluca Lo Coco
    Department of Psychological, Pedagogical and Educational Sciences, University of Palermo, Italy
  • Daniel Kopala-Sibley
    Department of Psychology, Stony Brook University, New York, NY, United States
  • Osmano Oasi
    Department of Psychology, Catholic University of Sacred Heart, Milan, Italy

Abstract

The current study evaluated the psychometric properties of the Italian validation of the Depressive Experiences Questionnaire (DEQ), conceived as a measure of self-criticism and dependency, i.e. two personality factors acting, according to Blatt (2004), as risk factors for depression in particular and psychopathology in general. A series of standardized measures [Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), DEQ, Symptom Checklist-90-R (SCL-90-R), Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory, 3rd edition (MCMI-III)] was administered to three samples (i.e., students, community and clinical). Factorial validity was evaluated along with convergent and predictive validity. In order to evaluate the reliability and internal consistency, a specific subgroup of participants was retested on the DEQ and BDI-II. Results showed correlations between DEQ dimensions and some personality traits of the MCMI-III. The traditional three-factor model of the DEQ structure as identified by principal component analysis appears to be as stable factors as typically found in American samples, although some items showed elevated cross-loading or low loadings on any factor. Clinical and diagnostic implications of the findings will be discussed.

Keywords

Depressive Experiences Questionnaire; Italian validation; Personality

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Submitted: 2016-07-01 16:30:17
Published: 2017-04-13 09:42:35
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Copyright (c) 2017 Giorgio Falgares, Osmano Oasi

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