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A pilot study of the Italian adaptation of the Session Evaluation Questionnaire fourth version

Diego Rocco, Silvia Salcuni, Elena Antonelli
  • Diego Rocco
    Department of Developmental and Social Psychology, University of Padua, Padua, Italy |
  • Silvia Salcuni
    Department of Developmental and Social Psychology, University of Padua, Padua, Italy
  • Elena Antonelli
    Department of General Psychology, University of Padua, Padua, Italy


The Session Evaluation Questionnaire (SEQ) measures the impact of counselling and psychotherapy sessions; it may be conceived as a bridge between psychotherapy process and outcome. Even if the original American SEQ has been translated into many languages, only a few translations have been validated. This is a pilot study that attempted to replicate the five-dimensional structure of the fourth version of the Anglo-American SEQ, for the Italian population. The SEQ is a self-report tool asking patients about their experience with the clinical session just ended; it consists of 27 adjectives in semantic differential scale, divided into three thematic parts: evaluation of the session itself, feelings after the session, and evaluation of the therapist. Data were collected on 111 outpatients attending the Dynamic Psychological Service for University Students, after their first two clinical interviews. Exploratory factor analyses were performed on each of the three parts of the SEQ. Results confirmed the original factorial structure, for Depth, Smoothness, Positivity and Arousal dimensions; Good Therapist dimension overlapped perfectly with the original one. The Italian SEQ showed adequate internal consistency. Convergent validity measured with an index of perceived satisfaction in the counselling process showed significant positive correlations. This pilot study showed that the Italian SEQ is a reliable instrument to measure the impact of clinical sessions. Validation studies are needed, especially to replicate the factor structure of the instrument and to better assess its validity.


Session Evaluation Questionnaire; Italian sample; Session impact; Counselling outcome

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Submitted: 2017-03-30 09:35:48
Published: 2017-07-06 14:44:36
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Copyright (c) 2017 Diego Rocco, Silvia Salcuni, Elena Antonelli

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