Key factors in psychotherapy training: an analysis of trainers’, trainees’ and psychotherapists’ points of view

  • Diego Rocco | diego.rocco@unipd.it Department of Developmental and Social Psychology, University of Padua, Italy.
  • Alessandro Gennaro Department of Dynamic and Clinical Psychology, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy.
  • Lorena Filugelli Department of Developmental and Social Psychology, University of Padua, Italy.
  • Patrizia Squarcina Department of Developmental and Social Psychology, University of Padua, Italy.
  • Elena Antonelli Department of General Psychology, University of Padua, Italy.

Abstract

The literature on clinical training lacks identifications of the factors that are most relevant in training programs; accordingly, the main aim of this work is to fill this research gap by assessing which factors that trainers, trainees and psychotherapists consider most relevant in psychotherapy training programs. A secondary aim is to identify whether these factors differ among trainers, trainees and psychotherapists. An ad hoc questionnaire was created and administered at 24 psychotherapy schools from 14 institutions; the sample included 641 trainees, 172 trainers and 218 psychotherapists of various theoretical orientations. The questionnaire included 63 items and used a 5-point Likert scale. An exploratory factor analysis was completed to identify the latent structure. The reliability of the dimensions was then checked. Finally, an analysis of variance and a multivariate analysis of variance were completed to achieve the study’s aims. Four factors emerged from the study’s results: trainers’ relational characteristics, supervision, transmission of clinical know-how, and theoretical background and technical support. All these factors displayed acceptable reliability and internal consistency. Moreover, their relative rankings varied based on the participants’ roles and theoretical backgrounds. This study’s results indicate that the new instrument’s psychometric qualities are acceptable. It thus could be used to develop a new approach to psychotherapy training, as this study’s results regarding trainees’ needs underline the differences between trainees’ perceptions of those needs, as compared to trainers’ and psychotherapists’ perceptions.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Published
2019-12-19
Section
Special Section: The role of psychotherapy research in psychotherapy training: mutual influences and relations
Keywords:
Psychotherapy training; Questionnaire; Exploratory factor analysis; Key factors in psychotherapy training
Statistics
Abstract views: 174

PDF: 152
Share it

PlumX Metrics

PlumX Metrics provide insights into the ways people interact with individual pieces of research output (articles, conference proceedings, book chapters, and many more) in the online environment. Examples include, when research is mentioned in the news or is tweeted about. Collectively known as PlumX Metrics, these metrics are divided into five categories to help make sense of the huge amounts of data involved and to enable analysis by comparing like with like.

How to Cite
Rocco, D., Gennaro, A., Filugelli, L., Squarcina, P., & Antonelli, E. (2019). Key factors in psychotherapy training: an analysis of trainers’, trainees’ and psychotherapists’ points of view. Research in Psychotherapy: Psychopathology, Process and Outcome, 22(3). https://doi.org/10.4081/ripppo.2019.415