Group climate, cohesion and curative climate. A study on the common factors in group process and their relation with members attachment dimensions

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Salvatore Gullo *
Gianluca Lo Coco
Carla Di Fratello
Francesca Giannone
Giuseppe Mannino
Gary Burlingame
(*) Corresponding Author:
Salvatore Gullo | salvo.9g@gmail.com

Abstract

This study examined the relationships among group process measured by the Group Climate Questionnaire, the Cohesion to the Therapist Scale and Cohesion to the Group Scale, and the Curative Climate Instrument to explore higher order factors that explained the group relationship, in a sample of 91 female university students attending 6 interpersonal growth groups. Furthermore, the study examined how group member’s attachment dimensions, anxiety and avoidance, were associated to his/her perception of group relationship. We found that a three-factor model consisting of  positive bond, positive work, and negative relationship, approached conventional standards of model fit. Moreover, the results of the study also supported a model with three latent second-order constructs (bond, work, and negative relationship) and two structural perspectives as first-order factors (member-group and member-leader). Contrary to the hypothesis, the theoretical model on the associations between individual’s attachment dimensions and group process did not fit well to the data. The results of the current study further supported the cross-cultural validation of a model with both quality and structure dimensions of group relationship. Implications for group process research are discussed.

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