Depression and attachment: how do personality styles and social support influence this relation?

Submitted: July 12, 2016
Accepted: February 28, 2017
Published: April 13, 2017
Abstract Views: 5112
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The purpose of this study is to improve the current understanding of the relation between depression and attachment through the evaluation of the role of personality styles (dependent vs self-critical) and social support in this association. These variables were studied in a clinical sample of 70 depressed outpatients (83% women; M=41.47 years, SD=12.91). Depressive symptomatology was assessed through the Beck Depression Inventory, adult attachment through the Experiences in Close Relationships Scale, social support through the Social Support Questionnaire and dependency and self-criticism through the Depressive Experiences Questionnaire. Mediational and moderation regression analyses were performed. Results show that the association between the dimensions of attachment (anxiety and avoidance) and depression was partially mediated by self-criticism. Furthermore, results demonstrate the role of social support as a moderating variable: when the level of satisfaction with social support was low and the anxiety dimension in the attachment scale was high, as avoidance increased, depressive symptoms increased as well. Results are discussed in relation to their importance for understanding the complex interplay of the variables involved in depression.



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Supporting Agencies

This study received support from the Millennium Scientific Initiative, Projects # NS100018 and # IS130005, and from the National Strategy for Innovation of the Ministry of Economy, Promotion, and Tourism (Innovation for Competitiveness Fund).

How to Cite

Dagnino, P., Pèrez, C., Gòmez, A., Gloger, S., & Krause, M. (2017). Depression and attachment: how do personality styles and social support influence this relation?. Research in Psychotherapy: Psychopathology, Process and Outcome, 20(1).

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